Configure naming and joining to a domain in Windows Server 2012

naming&domain

If you didn’t name your server a reasonable one during installation, you can do it now. Plus, you have the choice to join the server to an existent domain.

As usual, I present 2 methods:

GUI:

  1. Hit Windows key + Pause/Break. The System window appears
  2. In front of Computer name, there exists your current name of the server. Click on Change settings. System Properties window opens
  3. Click on Change button
  4. Under Computer name, write your desired name. Mine will be Server1
  5. Under Member of Domain, put your domain name. Mine is CyrusBesharat.local
  6. The server needs to be restarted that naming taken effect.

PowerShell:

Open PowerShell window, and run this below command:

Rename-Computer –NewName Server1 Add-Computer -DomainName CyrusBesharat.local Restart-Computer

My motto is BE CONCISE & PRECISE, so be it ! 

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Configure networking in Windows Server 2012

NetworkingAfter installing Windows Server 2012, you should do some basic configurations on the new Server, in order to be functional in network.

These basic configurations are:

  • Configure networking
  • Configure naming and joining to a domain
  • Set Windows automatic update
  • Add features and roles

I’ll explain them in 4 posts according to the headings. First, configure networking.

To do networking settings, I express 2 ways; first is the common way, I name it GUI, and the second is PowerShell.

GUI method:

  1. Click on Server Manager icon on left bottom of the screen. Server Manager window opens
  2. On top left, click on Local Server, in front of Ethernet, you see IPv4 address assigned by DHCP, IPv6 enabled. Click on it
  3. The Network Connections appear. Right click on Ethernet, then hit Properties
  4. Double click on Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4)
  5. Select Use the following IP address
  6. In front of IP address, type your preferred IP address (e.g. 10.10.10.1)
  7. In front of Subnet mask, type your subnet mask (mine is classful 255.0.0.0)
  8. Set your Default gateway (in this example is 10.10.10.254)
  9. My Preferred DNS server is 10.10.10.2, and no Alternate DNS server.
  10. Click on OK two times, and close the Network Connections window

PowerShell method:

  1. Open PowerShell window near Server Manager icon
  2. Type this command:

New-NetIPAddress 10.10.10.1 -InterfaceAlias "Ethernet" -PrefixLength 8 -DefaultGateway 10.10.10.254
Set-DnsClientServerAddress -InterfaceAlias "Ethernet" -ServerAddresses 10.10.10.2

Windows Server 2012 keyboard shortcuts

keyboard shortcut

As a professional user, you have known that using keyboard is less time consuming than mouse to get exactly what you need.

I’ve gathered some most common keyboard shortcuts for Windows Server 2012, all start with Windows key:

 

Keyboard Shortcut Meaning
Windows key + R Run command
Windows key + D Switch from start screen to desktop
Windows key + Y Shows desktop screen
Windows key + E Opens file explorer
Windows key + C Opens Charms bar
Windows key + F Search file and folders
Windows key + Q Global search
Windows key + I Settings
Windows key + K Devices
Windows key + H Share
Windows key + Pause System properties
Windows key + X Quick access menu
Windows key + Z Opens app bar
Windows key + Tab Provides list of running programs
Windows key + Ctrl + Tab Cycles through apps
Windows key + Shift + Tab Cycles through apps in reverse order
Windows key + PrtScr Saves screenshot
Windows key + M Minimizes current window on desktop
Windows key + Spacebar Switch keyboard/input language
Windows key + W System settings search
Windows key + U Ease of access center
Windows key + V Cycles notifications
Windows key + Shift + V Cycles notifications in reverse order
Windows key + O Sets device orientation
Windows key + PgDown Moves current app to right monitor
Windows key + PgUp Moves current app to left monitor
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